Queens Medical Centre

Opening hours Monday to Friday (8am to 6pm)

Queens Medical Centre

Opening hours Mon to Fri (8am to 6pm)

About Cardiovascular Disease

 

Understanding and Preventing Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide for Adults

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a broad term encompassing several conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels. It is a leading cause of death globally, but with understanding and lifestyle changes, it can often be prevented. Here's what you need to know about CVD and how to prevent it before it starts.

 

Cardiovascular Disease: What Is It?

Cardiovascular disease includes conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, congenital heart disease, and stroke. These conditions often involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack or stroke.

 

Importance of Prevention

Preventing CVD is crucial because once it develops, it can be challenging to treat and can significantly affect the quality and length of life. The key to primary prevention is identifying and managing risk factors before they cause disease.

 

Assessing Risk

Risk assessment typically involves evaluating factors such as age, sex, family history, smoking status, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and presence of diabetes. Your doctor may use these factors to estimate your risk of developing CVD over a certain period.

 

Primary Prevention Strategies

Preventing CVD involves managing modifiable risk factors. These include:

 

Healthy eating: A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats can help manage your weight, blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.

 

Physical activity: Regular exercise helps improve heart health, manage weight, and reduce stress. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity per week.

 

Avoiding tobacco: Smoking is a major risk factor for CVD. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your heart health.

 

Limiting alcohol: Excessive alcohol can raise your blood pressure and contribute to heart disease. It's recommended to limit your intake to moderate levels.

 

Managing stress: High stress levels can contribute to heart disease. Techniques like mindfulness, yoga, and meditation can help manage stress effectively.

 

Regular check-ups: Regular medical check-ups can help detect potential problems early.

 

Living a Heart-Healthy Life

Preventing cardiovascular disease means making heart-healthy choices part of your everyday life. It's about creating a lifestyle that supports your heart and overall health. Remember, we're here to support you every step of the way. Don't hesitate to reach out if you have any concerns about your heart health.